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研究状况
英语哲学术语中的外来语词 lexicon of foreign words in philosophy texts
发布时间:2006-05-20点击量:

ab initio (L): from the beginning
acte gratuit (F):free action
actio (L): action
ab extra (L): fromoutside
abgeschmackt (Ger):in bad taste, lit. away from tasting good
ab ibidem (L): fromthe same place
ab ovo (L): fromthe beginning, lit. from the egg
abstractum (L):drawn off, seperated from
actus (L): motion,performance
ad absurdum (L): toabsurdity
ad acta (L): topublic acts
ad finem (L): tothe end
ad hominem(homines) (L): to the man
ad infinitum (L):to the unlimited, endlessly
ad oculus (L): tothe eyes, visibly
aêr (G): the lowerair that surrounds the earth; the atmosphere
aesthêsis (G):perception by the senses; sense-impression
aethêr (G): thepure upper air
affirmo (L): Iaffirm
a fortiori (L):even more so; from the stronger
agape (G): selflesslove
agens (L): to setin motion; driving force, acting entity
agere sequitur esse(L): action follows from being, action isdetermined        by being
aletheia (G):unconcealedness
aletheuein (G): tospeak truth, to be truthful
a limine (L):refute something from the outset
aliquid (L): insome degree, to some extent
alogon (G):non-rational; without language
amor fati (L):willing acceptance of whatever fate decrees
amour de soi (F):self-love
amour propre (F):vanity
analogon rationis(L): similar to reason
ananke (G):necessity
ancien régime (F):former system
aneu logou (G):without reason
anima mundi (L):world-soul
animaux domestiques(F): domestic animals
animal laborans(L): working animal
animal metaphysicum(L): metaphysical animal
animal rationale(L): rational animal
animal socialis(L): social animal
animus sive mens(L): whether soul or mind; impulse or design
an sich (Ger): initself
antecedens--consequens(L): antecedent--consequent
anthropophyeis (G):of or through mans nature
aperçus (F):general surveys
apeiron (G): theboundless, the infinite, the indeterminate
apoliteia (G):apolitical
apologia pro vitasua (L): defense for his life
a posteriori (L):from the latter
apprehensio bruta(L): brute apprehension
apprehensio simplex(L): simple apprehension
a prima facia (L):at first sight
a priori (L): fromthe former
arbitrum liberum(L): a free decision, freedom of the will
archê (arkhê) (G):first-principle
aretê (G): specificexcellence, the proper virtue of a person or thingas        determined by its nature
argumentaponderantur, non numerantur (L): the force of the argument liesin        their weight, not number
argumentum adbaculum (L): argument to the club
argumentum adhominem (L): an argument appealing to the emotions ofthe        opponent, lit. argument againstthe man
argumentum adignorantiam (L): argument to ignorance
argumentum adjudicium (L): argument to legal authority
argumentum admisericordiam (L): argument to pity
argumentum adpopulum (L): argument to the people
argumentum ad rem(L): an argument based on the facts of the matter
argumentum adverecundiam (L): argument to reverence
argumentum adveritatem (L): objective proof
argumentumbaculinum (L): tangible proof, lit. the argument of the cudgel
argumentumconsensus gentium (L): argument from the consensus ofthe        nation
argumentum excontrario (L): proof from the contrary
argumentum exsilentio (L): an argument based on suppressing something
ars gratia artis(L): art for the sake of art
ars nova (L): newskill, unusual art
ars vetus (L): longstanding skill or art
askholia (G):unquiet
assertio (L):assertion
a tempo (L):simultaneously
Aufklärung (Ger):enlightenment
au fond (F): atbottom
Augenblick (Ger):moment, instant, lit. eye-glance
banausos (G): onewho engages in handicraft; low, vulgar, illiberal
beau idéal (F):ideal or perfect beauty
beau rôle (F):cherished or beautiful role
Bedeutung (Ger):reference, meaning
bellum omniumcontra omnes (L): war of all against all
bene fundata (L):well-founded
bestehende Sachverhalt(Ger): existing state of affairs
bête noire (F):object of obsessive aversion, detested person, lit. black creature
Bildung (Ger):formation, creation, development
bios (G): life
bios politikos (G):life devoted to political matters, lit. mode of political life
bona fide (L): ingood faith, with sincerity; honest, sincere
bon sens (F): goodsense
bons mots (F): goodwords
bonum (L): good
bonum consummatum(L): complete or perfect good
bonum supremum (L):final good
bürgerlischeGesellschaft (Ger): civil society
casus belli (L):occasion for war
cauchmar (F):nightmare
causa activa (L):an acting cause
causa cognoscendi(L): cause of ascertainment or knowing; inducement tofind        out or ascertain
causa corporalis(L): a physical cause
causa efficiens(L): an efficient cause
causa essendi (L):cause of being or existence
causa finalis (L):a final cause
causa formalis (L):a formal cause
causa materialis(L): a cause acting in substance, matter; material cause;a        substratum of action
causa movens(motiva) (L): a motive cause
causa occasionalis(L): an accidental cause
causa sui (L):cause of itself, its own cause
ceteris paribus(L): other things being equal
chansons réalistes(F): realistic song or story
characteristicauniversalis (L): universal language
chrêmata (G):goods, merchandise, inanimate things
chthôn (G): earth
circulus vitiosus(L): vicious circle, giving as proof that which has to be proved
citoyen (F): citizen
cogitatio (L):reflection, meditation
cogito (L): I think
coincidentia oppositorum(L): coincidence of opposites
commercium (L):commerce
commune bonum (L):the common good
communio (L):community, communion
compagnon (F):companion
compositum (L):composed
conatus (L):striving
conatus sesepresurvandi (L): impulse to self preservation
conceptus communis(L): common or shared conception
concretum (L):concretized
concursus dei (L):gods concurrence
condition etsituation humaine (F): human condition and situation
condition humaine(F): human condition
conditio sine quanon (L): an indispensable condition
confrèrie (F):brotherhood
coniunctio (L):combination
conjunctio (L):union, conjunction
consensus gentium(consensus omnium) (L): consent of the nations,general        consent
consequentia (L):consequence, natural succession
consequentiaeimmediatae (L): immediate consequence
contradictio inadjecto (L): contradiction in terms or in definition
contrat social (F):social contract
contretemps (F):adverse occurrence, unexpected dilemma, sudden accidentor        confusion, lit. against-time
coup de grâce (F):finishing stroke
coup détat (F):blow to the state
credo ut intelligam(L): I beleive so that I may understand
crux metaphysicorum(L): metaphysical torment or torture; cross-roadsor        serious difficulty of metaphysics
cum principianegante non est disputandum (L): it is impossible to conducta        dispute unless there is a consensusregarding the basic premises
curiosum (L):curious
Da (Ger): There
daemôn (G): spirit,demigod
Dasein (Ger):presence, lit. there-being
de dicto (L): ofwords, of what is said
déclassé (F):placed into an inferior category, fallen into mediocrity
de facto (L): infact, actually
definitioessentialis (L): an essential definition
de jure (L):legitimately, by law, lawful, by right
dementia praecox(L): dementia of adolescence
de omnibusdubitandum est (L): everything must be doubted
de re (L): of things
de rigueur (F):indispensable, absolutely necessary
desideratum (L):something wanted
desuetudo (L):disuse
de trop (F): notwanted, unwelcome, lit. excessive
Deus est suum esse(L): God is his being
deus ex machine(L): an unexpected and fortunate occurance, lit. a god froma        machine
Deus sive natura(L): God or nature
devenir réel (F):to become real
diakrisis (G):separation
dianoia (G):discursive thought
dictum de omni etnullo (L): said of all and of none
différance (F):differing-deferal
differentiaspecifica (L): a generic distinction, a characteristic feature
Ding-an-sich (Ger):thing-in-itself
disjecta (disiecta)membra (L): scattered remains
docta ignorantia(L): learned ignorance
dominus (L):master, owner, ruler
Doppelgänger (Ger):look-alike, alter-ego, lit. double-goer
doxa (G): opinion,belief
dramatis personae(L): list of characters in a play; the participants in an event,       lit. persons of the drama
droit du seigneur(F): right of the lord
durée (F): duration
dynamis (G): power;potentiality
ecstasis (L):ecstasy, trance, rapture
ego agens (L): Iwill
ego cogitans (L): Ithink
eidos (G): form
ekstasis (G):displacement
elan vital (F):life force, vital impetus
embarras derichesses (F): problem or obstacle of abundance;embarrassment        of riches
émigré (F):emigrant, expatriate
en bloc (F): as aunit
en détail (F): indetail
energeia (G):activity, actuality
energia (L):energy, efficiency
enfant terrible(F): young terror; precocious youngster
en masse (L): alltogether
en route (F): onthe way
ens (L): being,existence, essence, entity
ens a se (L): beingas such
ens cogitans (L):the thinking being
ens entium (L): theessence of essences
ens imaginarium(L): imaginary thing
ens increatum (L):uncreated thing
ens nonsuccessivum(L): nonsuccessive entity
ens originarium(L): original being
en-soi (F):in-itself
ens perfectissimum(L): most perfect being
ens rationis (L):an abstract logical entity; being or existence as conceivedby        the intellect
ens reale (L):being which is independent of the mind
ens realissimum(L): most real being
ens successivum(L): successive entity
Entstehung (Ger):emergence, development, forming
Entstehungsherd(Ger): center or source of development
eo ipso (L): thatfrom itself, precisely thereby
erectioris ingenii(L): nobility of nature
ergo (L): therefore
ergon (G):characteristic activity
Erklärung (Ger):explanation
eruditio etinstitutio in bonas artes (L): scholarship and training ingood        conduct
esse (L): essence
esse essentia (L):essentiality of essence
esse extentia (L):actuality of essence
essentia (L):essence, essentiality
ethos (G): customor habit
être-en-soi (F):being-in-itself
être-pour-soi (F):being-for-itself
et sic deinceps(L): and so on
étudiant en belleslettres (F): a student in letters
eudaimonia (G):happiness, well-being
ex cathedra (L):authoritative, official, lit. from the chair
exclusi tertiiprincipium (L): the law of excluded middle
ex hypothesi (L):according to the supposition that is the basis of an inquiry
existentia (L):exist, appear, emerge
ex nihilo (L): fromnothing
ex nihilo nihil fit(L): nothing can be made out of nothing
ex parte (L): onone side only, by or for one party, lit. out of part or faction
experimentia estoptima rerum magistra (L): experience is the best teacher
experimentia(experimentum) crucis (L): a crucial test, lit. the experimentof        the cross
explicite (L):explicit
ex post facto (L):after the deed is done, after the fact
expressio verbis(L): in express terms, expressly
extentia (L):actuality
extra dictionem(L): outside the wording; not arising from the words used inits        expression
façon de parler(F): way or manner of speaking
facultas (L):faculty
fascio (I): bundle
felix culpa (L):fortunate crime; fruitful failure or defect; happy sin
fiat justitia, ruatcoelum (L): let justice be done, though heavens fall
fin-de-siècle (F):end-of-century
finus ultimus (L):farthest limit, most remote border
flâneur (F):stroller, idler, loafer
flatus vocis (L):empty sound
fleurs du mal (F):flowers of evil
foi (F): faith
folie de doute (F):obsessive self-doubt, lit. madness of doubt
fons et origo (L):source and origin
force noire (F):black force, dark force
fraus pia (L): apious fraud
fortune des armes(L): fortune of arms or weapons
fundamentumdivisionis (L): the basis of division
Geist (Ger): spirit
Geistesgeschichte(Ger): intellectual history
Geisteswissenschaften(Ger): humanistic disciplines, cultural orsocio-historical        sciences
Gemeinschaft (Ger):ordinary community
generalisatio (L):generalization
gens (L): race orclan
genusgeneralissimum (L): most general genus
genus proximum (L):the nearest genus, i.e., a broader class ofobjects        embracing the species underdiscussion
Gewissheit (Ger):certainty
gnôsis (G):knowledge
gnothi seauton (G):know yourself
grosso modo (I):grand manner
groupe en fusion(F): tightly-knit group, lit. group in fusion
hacceitas (L):thisness
haine (F): hatred
haute couture (F):high culture
Herkunft (Ger):stock, descent
Herkunfthypothesen(Ger): hypotheses of descent
hexis (L):disposition
hic et nunc (L):here and now
homines religiosi(L): sacred people
homo (L): humanbeing
homo animalis (L):animate or living man; aërial man
homo economicus(L): economic man
homo faber (L):ingenious or artificial man; workman
homo humanus (L):humane, learned or mortal man
homo natura (L):natural man
homo romanus (L):Roman man
homo sapiens (L):rational man
horrendum pudendum(L): shameful shudder
horror religiosus(L): sacred dread
humanitas (L):human nature, humanity
hyle (G): matter
hypokeimenon (G):that which underlies; underlying substance
hypotheses nonfingo (L): I frame no hypotheses; I deal entirely with facts
ideale (I): ideal
idem (L): the same;likewise
idem per idem (L):the same through the same; definition by what is tobe        defined
id quo maiuscogitari nequit (L): that than which nothing greater canbe        thought
ignoramus etignorabimus (L): we do not know and will never know
ignorantia non estargumentum (L): ignorance is no argument
ignoratio elenchi(L): ignoring the argument; fallacy of refutinga        proposition different from that setforth by ones opponent
il faut tuer lespassions (F): one must kill the passions
imperium (L):command, order; sovereignty, dominion
im werden (Ger): inthe process of emergence, of coming into being
implicite (L):implied
imprimatur (L):license, formal mark of approval
in absentia (L): inabsence
in abstracto (L):in the abstract, out of contact with reality
in actu (L): inactuality
in articulo mortis(L): in the moment of death
in casu (L): inthis case
in concreto (L): inreality, in actual fact, in a definite case
indée fixe (F):fixed idea
in dictione (L): inrelation to the wording; arising from the words used inits        expression
in esse (L): inbeing, in actual existence
in extenso (L): inextended form, in full
infima species (L):the lowest species, the final species
in menta (L ): inmind
in natura (L): innature
in perpetuum (L):forever, in perpetuity
in posse (L): inthe possibility, potentially
in propria natura(L): in special or peculiar nature
in rebus (L): inthings
in rem (L): in thething
in statu nascendi(L): in the state of inception, at the moment of emergence
intellectus (L):intellect
intellectusarchetypi (L): original meaning
intellectus ectypi(L): embossed meaning
inter alia (L):among other things
internationale (F):international
inter se (L):between or among themselves
in toto (L): on thewhole, entirely
intuitusderivativus (L): derivative intuition
intuitusoriginarius (L): original intuition
in verbo (L): inbrief
in vitro (L): inglass
ipissima verba (I):the very words
ipso facto (L): bythat very fact
ius (L): law, legalright
jeun desprit (F):fasting of the mind
joie de vivre (F):joy of living
jus talionis (L):right of retaliation
kalos (G):beautiful, excellent
katharsis,katharmos (G): cleansing, purification
kinesis (G):motion, change
kosmos (G): order;jewelled ornament
la carrière ouverteaux talents (F): career open to the talented
laisser-aller (F):casualness, carelessness
laissez-faire (L):let things go (as they may), lit. leave-do
lapsus linguae (L):a slip of the tongue
lapsus pennae (L):a slip of the pen
la ronda (I):rounds, patrol, beat
Lebensform (Ger):sphere of social activity; style or aspect of life, lit. life-form
Lebensraum (Ger):living space; habitat
Lebenswelt (Ger):world of life
lengagement (F):engagement
lengagement danslaction (F): engagement in action
lengagement parlÊtre pour lÊtre (F): engagement by Being for Being
levée en masse (F):general uprising or conscription
lex continui innatura (L): law unbroken in nature
lex non scripta(L): law not written, unwritten law
lex talionis (L):law of retaliation
lhomme moyensensuel (F): the average sensual man
liberum arbitrium(L): free judgment
Liebestod (Ger):one who dies for love
linfinita vanità ditutto (I): the infinite vanity of all things
literati (I): menof letters, the educated class
locus classicus(L): classical source
logoi (G): meanings
logos (G): word,proposition, meaning, account
lucus a non lucendo(F): grove where no light penetrates
lumen naturale (L):natural light
lumen naturaleintellectus (L): the natural light of reason
made mecum (L): gowith me
malin génie (F):evil spirit
materiaindividualis (L): individual matter
materia prima (L):prime matter
materia sensibiliscommunis (L): generel or shared sensible matter
mathêma (G):learning, what is learnt
mathêmatikos (G):disposed to learn; a scientist, a scholar
mauvaise foi (F):bad faith; self desception
medias res (L): thegist of the matter
medicina mentis(L): the medicine of the mind
medio tutissimusibis (L): you will travel with greatest safety in the middle
meditatio (L):reflection, meditation
memoria technica(L): aids to memory; artificial memory
mens rea (L):guilty mind; criminal intent
metabasis eis allogenos (L): shifting from one genus to another
metaphysicanaturalis (L): natural metaphysics
methexis (G):participation
metron (G): ameasuring instrument; proper measure, proportion
mimêsis (G):imitation, representation
modus operandi (L):manner of operating
modus ponens (L):affirming mode
modus probandi (L):a mode of proof
modus tollens (L):denying mode
modus vivendi (L):a manner of living, coexistence; an arrangementbetween        two sides that effects atemporary compromise on issues in dispute
monstrueusehypothèse (F): monstrous hypothesis
mundusintelligibilis (L): the world of reason perceived by the intellect
monstrum (L): omen,monster
mot juste (F): theprecise word
mundus sensibilis(L): the world of things perceived by human senses
mutatis mutandis(L): the necessary changes being made
natura naturans(L): creative nature
natura naturata(L): created nature
natura non facitsaltus (L): nature does not make leaps
NatürlichBewusstsein (Ger): natural consciousness
Naturphilosophen(Ger): natural philosophers
Naturwissenschaften(Ger): natural sciences
néant (F):nothingness, nullity
necessitas vita(L): necessary life
nego (L): I deny
neikos (G): strife
ne plus ultra (L):no more beyond, the utmost perfection
nervus probandi(L): the crux of the argument; the most conclusiveand        decisive proof
niaiserie (F):trifle, piece of nonsense; foolishness
nihil est inintellectu, quod non prius fuerit in sensu (L): there is nothing inthe        intellect which was not first inthe sensations
noêma (G): thought
nomos (G): custom,convention
non causa pro causa(L): false cause, lit. no cause for cause
non est (L): it isnot, it is non-existent
non possibile (L):not possible
non sequitur (L): afallacy in which the conclusion does not follow fromthe        premises, lit. it does not follow
nosce teipsum (L):know yourself
nota notae est notarei ipsius (L): a sign of a sign is a sign of the thing itself
notiones communes(L): common notions
notum per se (L):known through itself
nous (G): mind,intelligence
nous energeiai (G):intellect in act
nous pathetikos(G): passive mind
nous poietikos (G):active mind
nous theos (G):divine intellect
nouveau riche (F):wealth recently acquired, the person of new wealth, lit.new        rich
novo ordo seclorum(L): unusual order or rank
obiectum quo (L):the object by which (an object is known)
obiectum quod (L):the object that is known
obiter dictum(dicta) (L): said in passing, incidental remark
object mort (F):dead object
obscurum perobscurius (L): an attempt to explain something obscureby        reference to something even moreobscure
odium theologicum(L): theological hatred; doctrinal hatred
omne verum omnivero consonat (L): every truth agrees with every(other)        truth
omnis determinatioest negatio (L): every determination is negation
onus probandi (L):the burden of proving, responsibility for proof
oratio obliqua (L):indirect discourse
ordo ordinans (L):the organising principle, the organising universal reason
orexis (G): appetite
otium (L ): leisure
ousia (G): essence;substance
paideia (G):cultural education
par excellence (F):excellent, to a superlative degree
pari passu (L):without preference; by an equal progress, equally
pars pro toto (L):part for the whole
partie honteuse(F): shameful part
parti pris (L): preconceivedopinion, prejudice
passante (F):passers-by, pedestrains
passio (L): event,occurance; an enduring; disease
paterfamilias (L):head of a family, father of the family
pathos (G):feeling, emotion
patria potestas(L): fathers power
pavor nocturnus (L):nightly dread
penser, cestlengagement de lÊtre (F): thinking is the engagement of Being
pensiero pensato(I): dead thought, lit. thought about thought
pensiero pensante(I): pure thought, lit. thought thinking
per accidens (L):by accident; in logic, not following from the nature of athing,        but from external circumstances
per analogiam (L):through analogy
per capita (L): bythe head, by the person
percipere (L): toperceive
percipi (L): to beperceived
per contra (L): onthe contrary
per eminentiam (L):through prominence or excellence
per fidum (L): bymy faith
per genus etdifferentiam (L): by genus and difference
per genus etsubjectum (L): through genus and subject
per genus etsubjectum et causam (L): through genus, subject and cause
per impossibile(L): through the impossible
per notas communes(L): through common sign
per saltum (L):suddenly, all at once
per se (L): initself, in its own power, through itself, essentialy
per se nota (L):through his sign
persona non grata(L): an unacceptable or objectionable person
petit bonheur (F):little joy
petitio principii(L): begging the question
petit morti (F):orgasm, lit. little death
phaos (G): light
philia (G):friendship, love
philosophiaperennis (L): perennial philosophy
philosophia prima(L): first philosophy
philosophicum (L):philosophical
phratria (G):brotherhood or clan; a political division of the tribes in Athens
phronesis (G):prudence, practical intelligence
phthora (G):destruction; annihilation, ceasing-to-be
phyla (L): tribe;primary division of the animal kingdom
physei (G): bynature
physica pura (L):pure science or natural philosophy
physis (phusis)(G): nature
pistis (G): faith
poiesis (G):making, creating
polemos (G):battle, war
polis (G):city-state
possibilitas (L):ability to do something, power; possibility
post eventum (L):after outcome or result
post factum (L):after the deed
post hoc, ergopropter hoc (L): later than that, therefore, because of that(The        statement of the common fallacythat succession in time implies acausal        relationship.)
pour-soi (F):for-itself
praesentis (L):present, immediate
praxis (G): action
prima facie (L): onthe face of it; presumably
primi inter pares(L): first to appear
primum mobile (L):prime mover
primum movens (L):first moving
primus inter pares(L): first among equals
principiaconventiae (L): principles of convenience
principio (L): tobegin, commence
principium (L):principle; beginning
principiumcausalitatis (L): principle of causality
principiumindividuationis (L): principle of individuation
prius (L):preceding, primary
pro et contra (L):for and against
profession de foi(F): profession of faith
pro forma (L): as amatter of form
progressus (L):advance, progress, growth
promesse de bonheur(F): promise of happiness or good fortune
proprietatesterminorum (L): properties of terms
pro tanto (L): asfar as it goes, to that extent
pudenda origo (L):origin of genitalia
qua (L): in thecharacter or capacity of
qua ipsum (L): inthe character or capacity of itself
quanta (L): quantity
quantiténégligeable (F): negligible quantity
quantitas (L):quantity
quantum satis (L):sufficient amount
quasi unum corpus(L): as if one substance or flesh
quaternioterminorum(L): introducing a fourth term
qui nimium probat, nihilprobat (L): he who proves too much proves nothing
quid pro quo (L):one thing in exchange for another; a confusion of notions
quod eratdemonstrandum (L): which was to be proved
quodlibet (L):anything
raffinement (F):refinement, sophistication
raison d`être (F):reason for existing
rancune (F):grudge, rancor
ratio (L): reason,intellect, basis
ratio agendi (L): abasis of action
ratio cognoscendi(L): a basis of cognition
ratio essendi (L):the basis of being
ratio et oratio(L): reason and language, calculation and eloquence
rationalis (L):rational; endowed with or dependent on reason
Realpolitik (Ger):actual or tangible politics
reductio adabsurdum (L): reduction to absurdity
reductio adasininum (L): reduction to asininity
reductio adimpossibile (L): reduction to the impossible
referieren (Ger):to report
renascentiaromanitatis (L): Roman rebirth, rebirth of the Roman way
repraesentatio pernotas communes (L): representation through common sign
rerum natura (L):nature of things
res (L): thing,object, being, matter; circumstance, condition
res cogitans (L): athinking thing
res extensa (L): anextended thing
res gestae (L):things done; transactions
res publica (L):circumstance or interest of the public; the public itself
res republica (L): circumstanceor interest of the nation; the nation itself
ressentiment (F):deap-seated resentiment and frustration
rhiza (G): root
romanitas (L): theRoman way
Sachverhalt (Ger):state of affairs
sacrificiumintellectus (L): sacrifice of reason
salus aeterna (L):everlasting health or prosperity
salva veritate (L):without loss of truth, with truth saved
scala naturae (L):natural ladder or stairway
schêma (G): shape,form
Schwartzkünstler(Ger): magician, illicit performer, lit. black artist
sciences humaines(F): social disciplines
secundum quid (L):with a qualification
sêma (G): a sign; agrave
sêmaino (G): showby sign, indicate, mean
semper idem (L):always the same
sensu eminetiori(L): in the more eminent sense
sensus communis(L): faculty to which the senses report, lit. common sense
sensu strictissime(L): in the strictest sense
sic et non (L): soand not so
similitudo (L):likeness, resemblence
simpliciter (L):absolutely, without qualification
simul (L): at thesame time, together
sine ira et studio(L): without anger and eagerness
sine qua non (L):without which not; what is essential, anindespensable        condition
Sinn (Ger): sense
situs (L):situation, local position, region
sôma (G): the humanbody
sophia (G): wisdom
sophrosyne (G):moderation
species (L): amental image; shape, form
Sprachstreit (Ger):argument, debate, lit. speech quarrel
stare decisis (L):doctrine that preceding court decisions are law
status quo (L): theexisting state of things
stoicheion (G): anelementary part
studium humanitas(L): the study of human nature or humanity
sub iudice (L):before the judge or court
sub ratione boni(L): under good reasoning
sub specieaeternitatis (L): in relation to the one eternal substance
sub speciedurationis (L): under the appearance of time
succès de scandale(F): success due to notoriety or scandal
sui generis (L):belonging to a species, all its own, unique
sui juris (L): ofones own right
summa genera (L):highest genera
summa summarum (L):in the end, all in all, sum total
summum bonum (L):the highest good
summum ens (L): thehighest entity, the supreme essence
summum genus (L):highest genus
suppositio (L): aputting or setting under, supposition
suppositioterminorum (L): the doctrine of the different ways terms maystand        for things, lit. setting underlimit or boundry
tableau vivant (F):living picture
tabula rasa (L): ablank slate
taedium vitae (L):wearisome or tedious life
Tatsache (Ger): fact
technê (G): art,technique, craft
telos (G): end
temps (F): time
terminus (L):limit, frontier; concept
terminus a quo (L):starting point of some process, lit. term from which
terminus quem (L):ending point of some process
terra incognita(L): an unknown land
tertium quid (L):third something
thanatos (G): death
theologia naturalis(L): natural theology
theôria (G):rational contemplation
theos (G): god
thespis (G):inspired
tohu-bohu (H):emptiness and desolation; chaos, utter confusion
toto caelo (L): bythe whole heavens; diametrically opposed
totum (L): all
totum pro parte(L): the total instead of a part
tour de force (F):feet of strength; accomplishment of skill
tout prix (L): atany price
tu quoque (L):you-too reply, lit. you also
tychê (G): luck,chance
Übermensch (Ger):overman
ubi (L): when;where; which; with whom
ultima ratio (L):the final argument
ultra vires (L):unauthorized, unwarranted
une passante (F): apedestrian
unheimlich (Ger):eerie, weird, spooky
unico loco (L):sole position
unicum (L):singularity
unio mystica (L):mystical union
universalia sunt nomina(L): universals are only names
unsere Leute (Ger):our poeple
unum (L): one
unum ac singulum(L): one and individual
Ursprung (Ger):origin
Urstoff (Ger):primary matter
varia lectio (L): adifferent reading
veritas (L): truth,truthfulness; the true or real nature, reality
veritas aeternae(L): eternal truths
verité de fait (F):truth of fact
verité de raison(F): truth of reason
verstehen (Ger): tounderstand
verum (L): truly,certainly, notwithstanding
verum index sui etfalsi (L): truth is the touchstone of itself as well asof        falsehood
vice versa (L): theposition being reversed
virtu (I): ability,skill, craft
virtus (L):manliness, manhood
virtus dormitiva(L): power of inducing sleep
vis a fronte (L):force from front
vis a tergo (L): forcefrom behind
vis inertia (L):sluggish force
vis viva (L): vitalforce
vita activa (L):life consisting in action; practical or effective life
vita contemplativa(L): contemplative life, theoretical life
vita sexualis (L):sexual life
vivere militare est(L): to live means to struggle
Volksgemeinschaft(Ger): national community, nation
Volkswirtschaft(Ger): social economy, collective housekeeping
Volkswirtschaftslehre(Ger): theory of welfare
volonté generale(F): the general will
volumen (L): avolume or part of a work; alteration, change, revolution
Wahrheit (Ger):truth
Warencharakter(Ger): characters of merchandise
Weltanshauung(Ger): world-view
Weltgefühl (Ger):world-sense, world-feeling
Wirklichkeit (Ger):reality
Wissenschaft (Ger):science; knowledge
Wissenschaftslehre(Ger): theory of science or knowledge
zoe (G): a livingor a means of living
zoon logon echon(G): word- or reason-possessed animal
zoon politikon (G):politcal animal



Entries as of6/8/01:  692

 转自爱智论坛